Session 7 - Posters Session

The poster session will be held on Thursday, April 5, 2017, from 16:30 to 18:00 pm. The poster session area will be open starting at 15:00 to allow presenters to set up their posters. It is recommended to meet the Poster Session Chair (Prof. José Maria Lavin) at least 30 minutes before the poster session to find your assigned poster location and arrange your materials on the poster board. Authors must bring their posters printed. Presenters are required to set up and take down their posters on their own. 

The guidelines for the preparation of posters is availabe here

Abstract: Literature has shown that e-government implementations are more successful in the developed world than in developing countries. Studies show that the success of e-government systems is not only dependent on the IS platforms but also on the perceptions and experience of e-government users; the citizens and businesses. Two major e-government services: e-filing and e-payment of taxes are considered in this paper with the aim of investigating the moderating effect of culture on their acceptance and usage in Zambia. The problem of not paying taxes is global but this study is limited to understanding the factors that influence adoption and use of e-filing and e-payment by taxpayers who actually submit tax returns. Policies and regulations may then be designed around the communalism traits such as strengthening the “One Zambia One Nation” national cultural identity to enhance individual accountability and increase the collective desire to develop the nation. In addition, policies related to spirituality and the empowering of religious, community and civic leaders to promote the acceptance and adoption of e-filing and e-payment services, could add a positive dimension to taxpayer education and the mobilization of revenue collection strategies.

Authors: Yakomba Yavwa and Hossana Twinomurinzi

Abstract: We present a wearable garment for the acquisition of cardiac signs in real-time by means of the use of amplifiers of instrumentation, the above mentioned obtained signs can be transmitted of wireless form by means of the technology WIFI that provides the module NODEMCU. The process of treatment and visualization of the cardiac signs is realized in a head office of monitoring installed in a Raspberry Pi3, allowing to observe clearly the waves P, Q, R, S, T Y U that shape the sign of an examination of Electrocardiography (EKG), this way serviceability happens at the moment of the examination both for the patient and for the doctor. The novel of this new design is to be able to offer serviceability and mobility to the patients and doctors at the moment of realizing an electrocardiogram inside the hospitals, also it is possible to have a continuous monitoring for patients with chronic cardiac illnesses.

Authors: Daniel Naranjo, Carlos Gordón and Patricio Córdova

Abstract: We present a telemedicine system which focuses on the continuous monitoring of vital signs, in order to present a broader picture of the state of the infant, especially useful for premature babies, with little weight, recently operated or with congenital problems, which are the most risk of sudden death due to the existence of a blockage of the airways that causes low oxygen saturation in the blood. The impact of this project is the contribution that is given to the scientific community, since the product of this research is primarily aimed at the area of biomedicine, providing them with a technology that is within their reach, conformed by the visualization interface, alert and adaptable to requirements created by the growing needs in the present times. Aiming to reduce mortality due to Sudden Death Syndrome in Minor Infants.

Authors: Alberto Ruiz, Carlos Gordón and Patricio Córdova

Abstract: We present a system based on the eyelids movement to get signals that through the proximity sensor will be sent to the graphical interface developed in the Raspberry PI 3 card using Python. The graphical interface shows a virtual keyboard and a mouse simulation that scrolls for each letter with a determined time, if the mouse cursor is in the desired letter, the patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will be able to select and write by moving the eyelid. Besides, the patient will have the possibility to listen to the written message using the speakers and to control domotically the light, door, window and alarm, via Bluetooth communication. In this way, we facilitate the process of communication with family and medical staff, raising the self-esteem of the patients when doing activities by themselves and not depending totally on the people who look after them. There was also added a webcam that detects the patient’s head and let to move the mouse cursor to do the process mentioned above, with the difference that the execution time is faster. The system will provide an economic contribution to society, as it provides services similar to commercial devices, but at a low-cost.

Authors: Hector Collaguazo, Carlos Gordon and Patricio Córdova

Abstract: Proper data retrievement is fundamental for decision making in e-governments initiatives. In this paper, we evaluate the influence of the explicit declaration of the semantics of georeferenced data in the acceptance of a semantically enriched data retriever for e-government. The semantics of the georeferenced data were formalized and a prototype of data retriever was built. Our premise was that the explicit encoding of the semantics of data items and of the relationships among data views allows to generate dynamic reports from a generic data source. A case study was carried out for the analysis of human behavior in a learning process based on social media and the results confirmed us the positive impact of integrating the concept of tabular view with an interactive map component in order to facilitate data interpretation and the navigation among semantically annotated data views.

Authors: Alex Maigua-Quinteros, Wilson Pérez-Nata, Félix Fernández-Peña and Pilar Urrutia-Urrutia

Abstract: Crowdsourcing platforms have become an essential part of e-collaboration among citizens. Wikis play an important role in this scenario because they allow content creation and shared edition of contributions. Nevertheless, none of the wikis we are aware of facilitates the geographical annotation of content, even when location is important metadata when talking about social development. This work focuses on the enrichment of an open source wiki for making it possible to manage the geographical metadata of contributions. Social knowledge harvesting in a medium-sized community in Ecuador was used as a case study for evaluating the proposal. The experiment took place during one month with the participation of 63 young citizens. A total of 57 wiki pages were created and 118 editions were made. The amount of interesting information retrieved by the community is greater than the volume contained in the 18 contributions found in Wikipedia. Further, the general opinion of the experiment participants is that the resulting wiki actually supports an improved social knowledge harvesting. This last finding is supported by the statistical analysis of a survey whose design was based on the Technology Acceptance Model and on the Nielsen's ten usability heuristics. A Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.886 validates the survey design and a KMO value of 0.874 indicates that the sample was adequate for factoring. A high correlation among variables corroborates the high degree of acceptance of the proposal.

Authors: Erika Lozada-Martínez, Hernán Naranjo-Ávalos, Pilar Urrutia-Urrutia and Félix Fernández-Peña

Abstract: This work presents the use of the Internet of things (IoT) applied to a control of an actuator that works through temperature and approximation values. The proposed technology consists of three principal parts: Hardware (Raspberry Pi 3), a virtual machine installed in "the cloud" and a mobile device with a Global Positioning System (GPS) application. A system was developed in the Raspberry Pi 3 that is connected to a temperature sensor which monitors the external temperature and is connected to a mechanical actuator. This part of the system is able to send a message to the cloud concerning the ambient temperature which is stored on a database. The mobile device consists of an Android application based on GPS positions which is able to send a positional message to the cloud that is stored on a database. A cloud development records the latest position and temperature data which are then compared to a predetermined threshold value in development. Through the logical operation AND between the comparisons of the temperature and position values with the threshold values, the decision to switch the actuator on or off is taken. The system performs the storage and comparison of the cloud data each time interval t predetermined in the development. The proposed system was validated through a case study.

Authors: Pablo Palacios and Andrés Córdova

Abstract: The PAME project aims to develop a web-based system for the remote monitoring of the physical activity of elder people to facilitate the reporting of such activity to primary care physicians. The physical activity is recorded using accelerometry-based devices such as smart-phones, which are becoming ubiquitous in our society. A smart-phone application was developed in order to acquire, and process the data which is stored and reported using a web system. The PAME project is a low-cost alternative to service groups of population at risk such as the elderly in developing countries, in order to improve their health and quality of life. The application will be available for local governments, in order to provide a health service that will cover effectively a larger portion of population promoting health democratization at low cost.

Authors: Roberto Armas, Diego Buenaño, Yves Rybarczyk and Mario Gonzalez

Abstract: Right now, society demands accurate, right, quickly and easy access information. Even more if it's public information. Therefore, governments are forced to implements or improve information systems with new technologies. This research work is focused on the research of responses times on relational and non-relational data base models. In addition, we evaluated the ex-ante and ex post performance of Relational database management system (RDBMS) and pioneering data base systems. Is especially studied an experimental data base system provided by Función Judicial del Ecuador. This data is migrated for load in NoSQL batches, and the performance tests is obtained a document oriented data model. With this tests we will know what database is better, focusing all on response time of data queries that have been used on performance tests.

Authors: Ana Flores, Stalin Ramirez, Jose M. Lavin, Renato Toasa, Javier Vargas and Renato Urvina - Barrionuevo


Abstract: This research tries to know how the political interaction of the citizens from the center of Ecuador is on the Internet. Every day more people use new technologies in order to learn about political issues. Virtual media allow different forms of citizen participation, making the traditional ones such as television, radio o written press to be obsolete. Through an online questionnaire, people were asked about the use of the political information in the different channels, and especially, about their participation in the last election campaign of 2017. The results show different patterns according to factors such as gender, age or occupation, confirming a panorama of transition between offline and online media.

Authors: Álvaro Jiménez Sánchez, Rosa Frontera-Sánchez, Eliza Vayas Ruiz, Milton Aldas, Victor Molina-Dueñas and José M. Lavín

Abstract: The governments of cities like Ambato face difficult geographic conditions for establishing a clean and efficient transport system. This paper shows the results of 1) a theoretic study that measured the expected incidence of a reputation-based shared transport system for e-collaboration and social welfare in a medium-size community and 2) an experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of a Value-based Reputation System with malicious users detection in such a scenario of e-collaboration. The study involved the participation of 185 young citizens in the theoretical study and 160 in the experimental evaluation. The theoretic results show that e-collaboration is meant to be successful in a shared transport system in Ambato only if trust is guaranteed. The experiment's results show that the proposed model allowed to detect 85% of malicious service consumers and that the satisfaction with the recommendations of the system is pretty high. These results are encouraging for using the proposed method in the implementation of a shared transport system in medium-size cities.

Authors: Ana Sánchez-Paredes, Félix Férnandez-Peña, Pilar Urrutia-Urrutia and Hernán Naranjo-Ávalos

Abstract: According to the E-Government Develop Index given by the United Nations, countries in South America never have been in the top 20 of the index. Additionally, from the first survey to the last in 2016, no country in the region has been cataloged with a very high score, i.e., with a score more than 0,75 in the index. The only problem is not the low performance, according to the ranking of E-Government countries in South America have regressed relative to the rest of the world. In this paper is analyzed the performance of the region in the index in each sub-indexes that composed it and the regional average is compared with the best country, and finally, it is suggested a set of strategies that could help to improve the index values. 

Authors: Ana Torres-Porras and Helga Duarte

Abstract: The Incident Management in IT departments provides traceability of events that are reported, and it is attended through the service desk. This functionality allows classifying, recording, and prioritizing incidents according to their criticality and/or urgency. It also delivers the flow for fulfillment of each occurrence, in order to define an early solution to the problems affecting business continuity. In this aspect, this research has analyzed the Incident Management process implemented in a real oil service company called EP PETROECUADOR using process mining techniques. This study has included an analysis of relationships and changes of event states during the process to look for the shortcomings, necessary changes and improvements. This research uses the Play-In technique to generate the Petri Net model based on event logs. The use of process mining techniques has allowed the identification of recurring and death events. This work also allowed the delivery of improvements and optimizations of processes involved in the service desk.

Authors: Iveth Tello, Christian Ruiz and Sang Guun Yoo

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to share our experience in applying the ISO/IEC 25000 standard for the evaluation of software quality requirements. In this case study, Outlook Web Access (OWA) and Thunderbird will be evaluated as possible e-mail solutions for al real governmental institution, considering their technical and functional characteristics such as assistance for configuring mail accounts, address book, message file, robust privacy, protection against identity spoofing, automatic update, garbage removal, integration with Exchange and folder management to back up information. In this scenario, Outlook Web Access and Thunderbird have been selected as candidates due to their main advantages e.g. integration with Microsoft Exchange and Open source characteristic, respectively. This work provides an interesting illustration of ISO/IEC 25000 implementation in a Governmental Institution detailing its benefits as a method to assessing software quality.

Authors: Roberto Carlos Bautista Ramos, Nancy Velásquez Villagrán, Geovanni Ninahualpa Quiña and Sang Guun Yoo

Abstract: This paper reports the results of a preliminary investigation whose primary objective was to explore the effects of using the technological strategies webquest and miniquest on the reading comprehension in students of English as a foreign language at the Technical University of Ambato. Webquests and miniquests expose students to a several number of online resources for creating a final learning outcome through the development of critical thinking and autonomous work [1]. This is a quasi-experimental study since pre-established groups were chosen, one worked with webquests and the other one with miniquests. The webquest group (GWQ) and the miniquest group (GMQ) worked with these methodologies simultaneously. The students’ reading comprehension performance was measured by applying a post-test to determine significant differences between the use of webquests and miniquests. There were not significant differences between GWQ and GMQ in their reading comprehension performance, however, these strategies contributed to improve the students’ reading performance in relation to pre-test scores. The results of this quasi-experimental investigation indicate that the use of webquest and miniquest has similar effects on the reading comprehension. For this reason, when choosing any of these technological strategies, the time is an important factor to be considered. The miniquests are characterized for being shorter, therefore it facilitates their use and creates the same effects on the students. This preliminary investigation would suggest the use of miniquests, instead of webquests, and it is recommended to extend the sample and the study time to obtain more definitive conclusions.

Authors: Monica Parra, Carlos A. Morales F. and Edgar Encalada

Abstract: The paper states that there a significant gap between educational policies and educational practices. This statement can be confirmed by the fact that educational practices and educational policies are discussed and implemented in different communities. This gap can be reduced by crossing existing educational communities, where the objects of activity are educational policies and educational practices.

Authors: Evgeny Patarakin and Vasiliy Burov

Abstract: The present research explores the relationship between the use of video blogging and the development of oral proficiency among EFL students at Ambato Technical University. Video blogging is a tool that aims to provide extra opportunities for students to practice the language in a context where high levels of standardization are required, despite the lack of time. A quasi-experimental study was conducted on a group of pre-service teachers who were divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). A pre-test was applied to assess the level of oral proficiency. Then, video-based tasks were assigned to the EG, simultaneously the CG performed tasks with no relationship to the strategy. At the end of the treatment, a post-test was used to compare the two groups. The results of this quasi-experiment suggest that the use of video blogging does influence the development of oral proficiency due to the fact that the scores obtained in the post-test by the EG are higher than those of the CG. The present preliminary study proposes to carry out future investigations with a greater sample and a longer time of the treatment application in order to obtain more conclusive results

Authors: Felipe Santamaria, Carlos A. Morales F. and Edgar Encalada

Abstract: We present the design and implementation of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCADA web system of pollution factors such as Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) in order to manage them, providing comfort in indoor environments. The SCADA web system allows a comparative analysis of the recorded information with the alert, alarm and emergency levels, established in the Ecuadorian air quality regulations, annex 4 of Book VI of the Unified Legislation of Secondary Legislation of the Ministry of the Environment., The SCADA web system performs the comparison of the registered information, with the physical agents of environmental comfort, established in the ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers) standards. In the process of stabilization of the pollution factors, in indoor environments, air ionizers are used, which emit negative ions to maintain the standardized range in micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3). Finally, we have been able to develop a SCADA web system for controlling pollution factors in indoor environments thanks to the integration of firebase (Android Studio), authentication (Facebook), notification (Database and Web Server), control and monitoring (Android Studio) interfaces. Besides, the SCADA web system allows preventing long term health problems such as allergic reactions, physical exhaustion and respiratory diseases, which influence academic performance during study days in educational institutions.

Authors: Lenin Dávila, Freddy Robalino, Carlos Gordón and Myriam Cumbajín

Abstract: This paper reveals an analysis of the Body Mass Indextodeterminethebodycompositionandbasalmetabolicrate of the administrative staff at Universidad T´ecnica de Ambato through the creation of a mobile application called “eHealthUTA”. This app was designed to establish the corporal condition ofthestudysubjects.Theautomationofthesystemallowedtaking real data and calculating the corporal condition according to the table established by the World Health Organization, while for basal metabolism, the formula established by Harris-Benedict was applied to suggest the daily caloric consumption based on a sedentary lifestyle that is the result of eight hours of work activities in public attention. For this purpose, this study analized a population of 99 people, from which 48 are female and 51 are male. The results obtained show that males studied have a higher rate of being overweight or obesity which is 49%, while for females it was 17%. The experiments demonstrated that technologically supported differentiated programs for integral health are necesary.

Authors: Julio A. Mocha-Bonilla, Javier Sanchez Guerrero, Marcelo Pilamunga Poveda, Luis A. Jimenez, Ruth Viviana Barona Onate and Andres Sanchez Guerrero

Abstract: This article is an effort to understand the evolution of Digital Government in Ecuador through the Digital Government Stage Framework (DGSF) as the latest model to evaluate public administration. The research objective is to analyze the current status of Ecuador by applying the DGSF model. This document is based on a documented research methodology. Resources such as the Constitution of Ecuador and other legal documents, research papers on d-government and DGSF as well as public policies, programs, and projects have all been reviewed. The results show that Ecuador has applied certain recommendations of the DGSF model in some public instances. Its limitations are due to exclusive documented analysis and public data that the government presents in its reports. The conclusion shows that the evolution of the DGSF in Ecuador has reached the second stage of the model.

Authors: Diómedes Eduardo Palacios Morales

Abstract: The necessity to constantly improve various processes of college life also includes increased participation in decision-making in the academic environment. The quality of decision-making at the university is premised on the participation of all sectors that make up the university. It is not possible to continuously make inquiries sometimes due to certain problems such as time and logistics. To solve this problem, ICT put tools at our disposal that are each time more potent and can help improve the quality of decisions through participation; thereby increasing transparency and the legitimacy of decisions made. This helps to empower members of the university since it offers a virtual space for participation and deliberation. 
To test the starting hypothesis, an experimental prototype of a university platform is used in this work: MyUniversity; which was created for a project of the European Union with participation from thirteen universities. This platform provides IT support for a series of participatory tasks that were used in three experiments. The experiments were carried out at the Human Sciences and Education Faculty at the Technical University of Ambato and they consisted of conducting: a debate and a vote on a student's’ topic, processing a document for the Faculty Board of Directors, and finally with the election of a President and Vice President. At the end, a satisfaction survey was conducted to all participants. 

Authors: Víctor Peñafiel and José María Lavin

Abstract: We performed a numerical analysis of Ecuador's electoral register integrity. More precisely, we evaluated the over- and under-registration levels in that register. The integrity of the electoral register has been largely questioned and criticized by electoral observation missions, the media and different political and academic actors. One of the main concerns is the over- and under-registration in the electoral roll. In order to estimate those anomalies, we used the 2010 population census data, the annual migratory flow balances for both nationals and foreigners, the electoral registers published by the National Electoral Council, and documents published by the Civil Registration, Identification, and Documentation Directorate and the Inter-American Development Bank. According to our analysis, there is, approximately, a 15% over-registration rate and a 25% under-registration rate. We propose some measurements to correct those integrity problems of the electoral register.

Authors: Enrique Mafla and Cesar Gallardo


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