Abstract: Nowadays, the Web has revolutionized our daily life, it has become a source of information and service provision. The trend of eHealth to digitize the services associated with healthcare are becoming more frequent in the same way users who access these services are people with disabilities and the elderly. An initiative that allows improving the quality of life of people are websites, but not all websites are accessible and inclusive. Failures in Web accessibility create exclusion barriers in groups of people. There are several studies on accessibility in which the guidelines suggested by Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 were not adequately applied. This study describes the web accessibility problems identified in 22 hospital websites according to the Webometrics ranking. In the evaluation process, a framework was applied to help in the evaluation of the websites proposed by the World Wide Web Consortium. In this work, several hospital websites and the level of accessibility were validated, the Website Accessibility Conformance Evaluation Methodology was applied to identify the ease with which a website can be accessed in accordance with WCAG 2.0 standards; of the sites evaluated, the type of patterns most violated in the analysis was the name, role, and value, which represents 13.4% followed by the guidelines of content, information and relationships without text with 12.8%. Due to the barriers encountered, this study presents the need to strengthen legislation and implement web accessibility best practices to make the websites inclusive, making content accessible to all users, including people with disabilities.
Authors: Patricia Acosta-Vargas, Tania Acosta and Sergio Luján-Mora
Abstract: This paper proposes the design of a portable electronic device of low-cost to support the care and attention of older adults, the system includes a GPS module capable of locating the older adult at any moment, as well as small sensors that monitoring vital signs such as: temperature, blood pressure and heart rate. The information collected by the different sensors is sent to a Web server implemented in the Linux Centos distribution, it can be viewed and managed through different terminal devices that have access to a wireless connection under the Wi-Fi standard. In this way, adequate control of the daily activities of older adults is achieved by reducing resources such as time and money.
Authors: Deisy Jiménez, Carlos Gordón and Patricio Córdova
Abstract: Currently, poverty conditions and an indifferentsociety causes in many cases that elderly people to live aloneand may suffer health problems or injures that requires a fastemergency service attention in their homes or care centres.However, in mostly of cases they can not call for help due to theirtechnology accessibility, geographical location (rural areas) or byits own physical limitations. Based on this background, this workpresents the implementation of a Home Tele-assistance systemthat can send personal information and geographical locationtrough the network of elder or disabled people. This informationis previously stored in a database, to be sent to its relatives andthe emergency services in order to accelerate the time responseto an emergency. The system was designed based on a socialproject supported by the University in collaboration with thecommunity.
Authors: Santiago Solórzano, Mateo Rojas, Ricardo Armando López Molina, David Pozo Espín and Jean-Michel Clairand